Line 100


Line 100



Launching year (s)


Project state

This pilot project, where two automated shuttles linked the Marly Innovation Center (MIC) quarter to the Fribourg Public Transport (TPF) network, was the result of a true public-private partnership. This project enabled to transport 17,700 passengers and cover 47,000 kilometers. Completed in December 2021, it has contributed to the acquisition of numerous skills and to measure the real level of development of self-driving technologies.

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Involved SAAM members

Full description

This pilot project was launched in 2017 for a period of four years during which two automated shuttles linking the Marly Innovation Center (MIC) quarter to the Fribourg Public Transport (TPF) network were operated. This was the result of a true public-private partnership involving the MIC, the State of Fribourg, the Fribourg Agglomeration, the Municipality of Marly and the TPF. The project made these vehicles the first automated shuttles to be integrated into the regular schedule of a transport company in Switzerland. It has made it possible to transport 17,700 passengers and to cover 47,000 kilometers, representing more than a tour of the Earth. As planned, this project ended in December 2021.

It contributed to the acquisition of many skills and to measure the real stage of development of this technology. The experiment allowed for an analysis of the functional and cyber security of the shuttles thanks to a mandate given to the University of Engineering and Architecture of Fribourg (HEIA-FR). The students were thus able to develop their own knowledge in the field of automated vehicles. For the TPF, it was also a human adventure by measuring the adaptation of the company’s employees to this new technology while doing professional reintegration.

Two surveys conducted in May 2018 and May 2019 among passengers show that the large majority of customers feel safe inside the shuttles. Their use has become completely normal, which was one of the goals of the experiment. 66% of respondents believe that these autonomous vehicles are a solution for the future. Developed and built by the French intelligent mobility specialist NAVYA, these shuttles have been used for four years to test the last mile service. They guaranteed access to the regular TPF network for MIC commuters. An operator ensured the safety of users and accessibility for people with reduced mobility at all times. The shuttle could accommodate 11 passengers.

Further research will show how such solutions can contribute in the future to take on the challenges of sustainable mobility.

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Line 13 of the Swiss Transit Lab


With Line 13, the Swiss Transit Lab is about to take another step in the development of automated mobility in public transport. With the planned pilot project, a pilot line will be put into operation in the city center of Schaffhausen between the train station and the Stahlgiesserei development area before the end of this year. Following the tourist application of line 12 at the Rhine Falls, the development of the first and last mile by automated vehicles should thus arrive in the everyday life of the population of Schaffhausen.

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The ULTIMO project aims to lay new foundations and deploy the very first economically viable large-scale, on- demand-responsive and passenger-oriented public transport systems.

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