Launching year (s)


Project state

The ULTIMO project aims to lay new foundations and deploy the very first economically viable large-scale, on- demand-responsive and passenger-oriented public transport systems.

Initiated by

Involved SAAM members

Full description

Set the foundations and deploy the very first economically realistic and viable Automated Vehicles’- based, large scale, on-demand, door-to-door, inclusive and user-oriented shared public transportation services, taking an holistic approach, considering all elements in a cross-sector business environment, such is the mission of the ULTIMO project.

As the successor of the european AVENUE project, ULTIMO will focus on scaling deployments in three locations across Europe, with 15 or more multi-vendor vehicles per location. The aim is to operate without a safety driver on board, in fully automated mode (SAE Level 4) and with the support of innovative user-oriented passenger services.

The current limited lifespan of those autonomous vehicles, as well as the costs of on-board safety and technological advancement, mean that certain economic challenges still need to be overcome.

In addition, the necessary changes to urban infrastructure and the integration of autonomous vehicle services into operators’ Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) offerings raise important questions about how self-driving vehicles can be realistically integrated into public transport networks. It is precisely in this area that SAAM has important know-how from Switzerland, which is now being incorporated into the ULTIMO project.

The ULTIMO project is being implemented under the leadership of Deutsche Bahn with 23 partner companies from eight European countries over a period of four years. Eight partner companies are from Switzerland. This enables the transfer of technology and the creation of synergies from which mobility in Switzerland will benefit. This project work has received funding from the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI). SAAM’s international networking is a key success factor for the association.


“In the Ultimo project, SAAM will focus three main objectives. Firstly, SAAM will aggerate the knowledge and experience from previous projects, our members and other stake holders. Secondly, SAAM will validate that the project results are applicable to the Swiss context, more specifically to our members, the Swiss government and federal offices (OFRO and FOT). Thirdly, we will disseminate the results, to support the widespread adoption of automated mobility in Switzerland.”

Jamie Townsend, SAAM’s project manager for Ultimo.

Some of
our other projects

Migronomous (LOXO)


Following a straightforward online ordering process, the products that have been requested from Migros are loaded into the delivery vehicle. The “LOXO Alpha” then sets off to cover the 500 meters to Schindler’s site where it supplies the respective items.

Initiated by

Line 13 of the Swiss Transit Lab


With Line 13, the Swiss Transit Lab is about to take another step in the development of automated mobility in public transport. With the planned pilot project, a pilot line will be put into operation in the city center of Schaffhausen between the train station and the Stahlgiesserei development area before the end of this year. Following the tourist application of line 12 at the Rhine Falls, the development of the first and last mile by automated vehicles should thus arrive in the everyday life of the population of Schaffhausen.

Initiated by

Autonomous Bus Depot Pre-Study


Can driverless buses help to optimise bus depots? Are autonomous bus depots technologically feasible and economically worthwhile? This pre-study project will answer these questions. Then, a real pilot project will be launched.

Initiated by